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Abstract


Spiritual Medicine in Jalal al-Din al-Dawani
Plato, Aristotle and the Islamic philosophers Abu Bakr al-Razi, Ibn Al-Jawzi, are among the philosophers who were concerned with the mental illnesses and their treatment. Islamic philosophers attempted to approach to the issue of spiritual medicine from a psychological perspective, by centering the issue within the moral philosophy. Jalal al-Din al-Dawani, by classifying philosophy into its theoretical and practical aspects, dealt with the moral mostly in the context of practical philosophy. Morality can be defined as protecting virtues and eliminating moral diseases, which explains that for the treatment of this disease, which dwells in soul as a result of habits, the soul should be for sobriety, and away from any extremity. Dawani treats astonishment, ignorance, anger, cowardice, lust, sadness, as spiritual illnesses and proposes his ways of treatment.

Keywords
Dawani, morals, spiritual medicine, theoretical philosophy and practical, philoso-phy, virtues.


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